そもそも、Affinity英語学院ではMBAT出願者には原則としてTOEFLよりもIELTSを選択することを推奨しています。そんな事情もありTOEFLを指導する機会は少ないのですが、私はTOEFLを教えることは大の得意だと勝手に思っている次第です。私の人生は高校の交換留学のために16歳の時にTOEFLを受験して以降TOEFLを中心に廻ってきました。(My life has been revolving around the TOEFL and the GMAT. ) あまり売れていないようですが（苦笑）私はTOEFL Writingの本も出版しています。
If I had never dropped out, I would have never dropped in on that calligraphy class, and personal computers might not have the wonderful typography that they do. Of course it was impossible to connect the dots looking forward when I was in college. But it was very, very clear looking backwards ten years later.
Again, you can't connect the dots looking forward; you can only connect them looking backwards. So you have to trust that the dots will somehow connect in your future. You have to trust in something ― your gut, destiny, life, karma, whatever. Because believing that the dots will connect down the road will give you the confidence to follow your heart, even when it leads you off the well-worn path. And that will make all the difference.
I'm pretty sure none of this would have happened if I hadn't been fired from Apple. It was awful-tasting medicine, but I guess the patient needed it. Sometime life... Sometimes life’s gonna hit you in the head with a brick. Don't lose faith. I'm convinced that the only thing that kept me going was that I loved what I did. You've got to find what you love. And that is as true for your work as it is for your lovers. Your work is gonna fill a large part of your life, and the only way to be truly satisfied is to do what you believe is great work. And the only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven't found it yet, keep looking, and don't settle. As with all matters of the heart, you'll know when you find it. And, like any great relationship, it just gets better and better as the years roll on. So keep looking. Don't settle.
No one wants to die. Even people who wanna go to heaven don't wanna die to get there. And yet, death is the destination we all share. No one has ever escaped it. And that is as it should be, because death is very likely the single best invention of Life. It is Life's change agent. It clears out the old to make way for the new. Right now the new is you, but someday not too long from now, you will gradually become the old and be cleared away. Sorry to be so dramatic, but it's quite true.
Your time is limited, so don't waste it living someone else's life. Don't be trapped by dogma, which is living with the results of other people's thinking. Don't let the noise of others' opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.
I’ve been waiting more than 30 years to say this: “Dad, I always told you I’d come back and get my degree.”
I want to thank Harvard for this honor. I’ll be changing my job next year, and it will be nice to finally have a college degree on my resume.
I applaud the graduates for taking a much more direct route to your degrees. For my part, I’m just happy that the Crimson called me “Harvard’s most successful dropout.” I guess that makes me valedictorian of my own special class. I did the best of everyone who failed.
But I also want to be recognized as the guy who got Steve Ballmer to drop out of business school. I’m a bad influence. That’s why I was invited to speak at your graduation. If I had spoken at your orientation, fewer of you might be here today.
Harvard was just a phenomenal experience for me. Academic life was fascinating. I used to sit in on lots of classes that I hadn’t even signed up for. And dorm life was terrific. I lived up at Radcliffe, in Currier House. There were always lots of people in my dorm room late at night discussing things, because everyone knew I didn’t worry about getting up in the morning. That’s how I came to be the leader of the anti-social group. We clung to each other as a way of validating our rejection of all those social people.
Radcliffe was a great place to live. There were more women up there, and most of the guys were math-science types. That combination offered me the best odds, if you know what I mean. That’s where I learned the sad lesson that improving your odds doesn’t guarantee success.
One of my biggest memories of Harvard came in January 1975, when I made a call from Currier House to a company in Albuquerque, New Mexico, that had begun making the world’s first personal computers. I offered to sell them software.
I worried they would realize I was just a student in a dorm and hang up on me. Instead they said: “We’re not quite ready, come see us in a month,” which was a good thing, because we hadn’t written the software yet. From that moment, I worked day and night on that little extra credit project that marked the end of my college education and the beginning of a remarkable journey with Microsoft.
What I remember above all about Harvard was being in the midst of so much energy and intelligence. It could be exhilarating, intimidating, sometimes even discouraging, but always challenging. It was an amazing privilege, and though I left early, I was transformed by my years at Harvard, the friendships I made, and the ideas I worked on.
Last August I was told that all likely I had three to six months left to live. I’m on month nine now, and I’m not gonna get down and do any push-ups. But there will be a short pick-up basketball game later. Somebody said to me, in light of those numbers, “Wow, so you’re really beating the Grim Reaper”. And what I said without even thinking about is, “We don’t beat the Reaper by living longer. We beat the Reaper by living well and living fully, for the Reaper will come for all of us. The question is what do we do between the time we’re born and the time he shows up. Because when he shows up, it’s too late to do all the things that you’re always gonna kind of get around to.”
So I think the only advice I can give you on how to live your life well is, first off, remember, it’s a cliche but I love cliches, “It is not the things we do in life that we regret on our deathbed. It is the things we do not. Because I assure you I’ve done a lot of really stupid things, and none of them bother me. All the mistakes and all the dopey things and all the times I was embarrassed. They don’t matter. What matters is that I can kind of look back and say, “Pretty much any time I got a chance to do something cool, I tried to grab for it.” And that’s where my solace comes from.
The second thing that I would add to that, and I didn’t coordinate on the subject of this word but I think is the right word that comes up, is passion. And you will need to find your passion. Many of you have already done it; many of you will later; many of you may take till you’re 30s or 40s. But don’t give up on finding it. Right? Because, then, all you’re doing is waiting for the Reaper.
Find your passion and follow it, and if there is anything I have learned in my life, you will not find that passion in things. And you will not find that passion in money. Because the more things and the more money you have, the more you will just look around and use that as the metric, and there will always be someone with more. So your passion must come from the things that fuel you from the inside.
And honors and awards are nice things but only to the extent that they regard the real respect from your peers. And to be thought well of by other people that you think even more highly of is a tremendous honor that I’ve been granted.
Find your passion and in my experience, no matter what you do at work or what you do in official settings, that passion will be grounded in people, and it will be pound grounded in the relationships you have with people and what they think of you when your time comes. If you can gain the respect of those around you and the passion and true love…
And I’ve said this before, but I waited till 39 to get married because I had to wait that long to find someone where her happiness was more important than mine. And, if nothing else, I hope all of you can find that kind of passion and that kind of love in your life. Thank you.
14:14 When you're doing the work you're meant to do, it feels right and every day is a bonus, regardless of what you're getting paid.
It's true. And how do you know when you're doing something right? How do you know that? It feels so. What I know now is that feelings are really your GPS system for life. When you're supposed to do something or not supposed to do something, your emotional guidance system lets you know. The trick is to learn to check your ego at the door and start checking your gut instead. Every right decision I've made ― every right decision I've ever made ― has come from my gut. And every wrong decision I've ever made was a result of me not listening to the greater voice of myself.
If it doesn't feel right, don't do it. That's the lesson. And that lesson alone will save you, my friends, a lot of grief. Even doubt means don't. This is what I've learned. There are many times when you don't know what to do. When you don't know what to do, get still, get very still, until you do know what to do.
17:44 Now I want to talk a little bit about failings, because nobody's journey is seamless or smooth. We all stumble. We all have setbacks.
If things go wrong, you hit a dead end, as you will, it's just life's way of saying, “time to change course.” So, ask every failure ― this is what I do: every failure, every crisis, every difficult time, I say, “what is this here to teach me?”
And as soon as you get the lesson, you get to move on. If you really get the lesson, you pass and you don't have to repeat the class. If you don't get the lesson, it shows up wearing another pair of pants, or skirt, to give you some remedial work.
And what I've found is that difficulties come when you don't pay attention to life's whisper, because life always whispers to you first. And if you ignore the whisper, sooner or later you'll get a scream.
Whatever you resist persists. But, if you ask the right question ― not “why is this happening”, but “what is this here to teach me? ― What is this here to teach me?” ― it puts you in the place and space to get the lesson you need.
(5) Amy Cuddy
以下はAmy Cuddy氏による講義（"Your body language shapes who you are"）の音声練習指定箇所のスクリプトです。
17:05 Eventually I graduated from college. It took me four years longer than my peers, and I convinced someone, my angel advisor, Susan Fiske, to take me on, and so I ended up at Princeton, and I was like, "I am not supposed to be here. I am an impostor." And the night before my first-year talk, and the first-year talk at Princeton is a 20-minute talk to 20 people. That's it. I was so afraid of being found out the next day that I called her and said, "I'm quitting." She was like, "You are not quitting, because I took a gamble on you, and you're staying. You're gonna stay, and this is what you're gonna do. You are gonna fake it. You're gonna do every talk that you ever get asked to do. You're just gonna do it and do it and do it, even if you're terrified and just paralyzed and having an out-of-body experience, until you have this moment where you say, 'Oh my gosh, I'm doing it." Like, "I have become this. I'm actually doing it."
(6) Simon Lancaster
Simon Lancaster氏による講義（"Speak Like a Leader"）の動画と音声練習指定箇所のスクリプトです。
06:46 Metaphor is probably the most powerful piece of political communication. But it’s the bit no one ever talks about, the elephant in the room, so to speak, which is extraordinary because we use metaphor once every 16 words on average. So our conversation is littered with metaphors, scattered with metaphors. We can’t speak for very long without reaching for a metaphor, and metaphors are very loaded.
So you see, metaphors are all over the place, and they are political in that they are used by people to lead people towards things, or indeed to make them recoil. And so we use beautiful images, images of people, images of love, images of family, of sunshine, in order to draw people towards things, and we use disgusting images ― vermin, scary monsters, disease, sickness, in order to make people recoil. And they’re all lies, and they are never challenged. And yet they have an enormous impact on the way that people behave and respond. There’s been research showing that changing nothing more than the metaphor in a piece of text can lead to fundamentally different reactions from people on questions ranging from whether or not they’ll invest in a company, whether or not they will back particular crime policies to even whether or not they’ll support a foreign war. And so this is really, really important stuff. And it’s all around us.
So let me just take three of the big metaphors ― three is the magic number ― three of the big metaphors that are around at the moment. “The Arab Spring”. You’ve all heard of The Arab Spring. You can’t talk about what’s going on in the Middle East without calling it an Arab Spring. “The Arab Spring”. Sun’s shining, flowers blooming. This is a time of regrowth, rebirth, rejuvenation. And yet it’s a big lie, isn’t it? Even the most optimistic, geopolitical experts look at the Middle East and say this is going to take two generations to recover. It’s not an Arab Spring; it’s an Arab Inferno.
Kia ora, and welcome aboard our Boeing 737-300. Shortly we’ll be winging our way to your next port of call. But before we lift off, we’d like to give you what we call the bare essentials of safety aboard this flight. Even if you fly with us quite a lot, we’d appreciate it if you’d take a second look. All baggage should be tucked away overhead. Or under the seat in front of you. We require all passengers to follow crew member instructions and lighted signs. If we happen to switch on the seat belt sign, please return to your seat and fasten your seat belt.
Not so tight as to lose the feeling in your legs, but enough to ensure that it’s snug, and it’s low across your hips. We recommend that you keep your seat belt fastened throughout the flight, but if you do need to get up, undo the seat belt by lifting the flap. If the oxygen mask does drop in front of you, don’t stop to ask why.
If the oxygen mask does drop in front of you, don’t stop to ask why, or if you can have one in another color. Simply pull down on the mask, place over your nose and mouth, and tighten by pulling on both sides of the elastic. If you’re seated with children, put on your own mask before helping with theirs. Don’t worry if the bag doesn’t inflate, oxygen will flow through it automatically.
If an emergency were to happen during takeoff or landing, brace yourself either on the seat in front of you or by placing your hands on your head with your elbows on the outside of your thighs and your feet flat on the floor. Coincidentally, this is the perfect place to find your life jacket
Life jackets are easy to put on while seated. All you need to do is remove it from the pouch. Put it over your head, clip the straps together, and pull it tight like this. This red tab inflates the jacket, so don’t pull it until you’re leaving the aircraft. If it doesn’t inflate enough you can blow into the mouthpiece. And we’ll be on hand to provide life jackets for babies if needed.
If you find yourself wanting to smoke while on board, sorry but you’re plumb out of luck. Yep, smoking anywhere on the plane is a big no-no, as it’s a hazard.
It’s good to know that if you do need to find your way out, even in the dark, there’s floor strip lighting that will lead you to the exit. Your crew are now pointing out your exits. It would pay to know your nearest exit could be behind you, so have a quick look and count the number of rows to the exit. You’ll find more information on the safety card in your seat pocket.
Portable electronic devices such as mobile phones can interfere with our navigation systems and mustn't be used in flight at any time unless you’ve switched it on to flight mode.
Finally, during takeoff and landing, we ask that you pop your tray table back, make sure your seat upright, armrest down, and fasten your seat belt.
It’s a pleasure having you all on board today, so please sit back, relax, and enjoy our great Kiwi service. From the airline whose fares have nothing to hide, kia ora, and have a great flight.
37:06 You have a choice to either uplift somebody or put someone down. You either have the choice to step towards your goals and dreams or step away going into temporary things. You have a choice to either give up or keep going. Give up or get up. When you fail, try again. And again. And again.
I want you to close your eyes, please. If you don’t wanna close your eyes, that’s fine, just stare at the floor. Don’t talk to the person next to you, please. I wanna ask you. How are you? What heaviness are you carrying? What tears do you hold back? What pain ,what fears, are kept inside? You don’t have to hold on to these fears. You just take one step at a time. Not to say that these fears will completely disappear, but can you forgive those who hurt you? Because that’s when healing starts. Every time someone puts you down, will you make a decision to bring somebody else up? Picture yourself in an open area. There is no buildings and there is no shelter. And there is a storm above you. And this storm represents the situations in your life And you don’t tell anybody what you are going through because first of all, they wouldn’t understand. And second of all, they can’t even help you anyway. During the storm and you’re down on your knees, and you’re cold and you’re weak, and you feel like this is the end, are you not still here? You are still here.
AdamとJohnによる今回のセミナーでは、主にインタビューの戦略を学んでください。アドミッションが何を期待しているのか、ストーリーをどのように語るのか、自分の弱点や失敗談を伝える際のどのような注意が必要か、等を学ぶことができるセミナーです。昨年参加して思ったことの一つは「人間は自分の弱みを語るのが苦手だ」ということです。たとえば、"Talk about your weeknesses."と複数形（weeknesses）の質問が投げかけられているのに、弱点を１つしか語らない人が多いのが印象的でした。人間は自分の弱点や失敗を語るのが本来的に苦手なのでしょうね。（苦笑）私はテスト指導において「名詞の単複に注意すること」を徹底的に指導しますが、インタビューでも同じことがが言えるのです。